Past Perfect

VerbalNominal
(+) S + had + V3(+) S + had + been + ANA
She had helped her mother after she played a gameThey had been at Grage Mall since morning
(-) S + had + not + V3(-) S + had + not + been + ANA
She had not helped her mother after she played a gameThey had not been at Grage Mall since morning
(?) Had + S + V3(?) Had + S + been + ANA ?
Had she helped her mother after she played a game?Had they been at Grage Mall since morning?

Penggunaan :

1. Past Perfect Tense mengungkapkan kejadian di masa lalu sebelum kejadian di masa lalu yang lainnya.

Sarah arrived at the party   after   Paul had gone home. 
            (Simple Past)                                  (Past Perfect)

Keterangan: menerangkan bahwa ketika Sarah baru saja tiba dipesta, Paul sudah terlebih dahulu pulang (kedua kejadian tersebut sudah terjadi dimasa lampau).

He had eaten cake    when   I came to his room last night. 
      (Past Perfect)                                    (Simple Past)

Keterangan: menerangkan bahwa dia sudah terlebih dahulu makan kue, setelah itu saya datang ke kamarnya (semuanya sudah terjadi di masa lampau).

2. Past Perfect Tense digunakan dalam kalimat pengandaian

(Conditional Sentence) tipe ke-3. Contoh:

If I had known your number, I would have called you.

Time signal

Past Perfect when Simple Past (past perfect sudah selesai terjadi kemudian Simple Past)
Simple Past After Past Perfect (Simple past lebih dulu dari pada Past Perfect)

Baca Juga : PAST CONTINUOUS

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